Party Name: Labor-Gesher
|Leader||Amir Peretz||Method of leadership selection||Party primaries|
|Current MKs||6||Method of List selection||Party primaries (some spots are reserved for appointment by party leader)|
Since the April election Party leader Avi Gabbay has been replaced by veteran MK Amir Peretz. Peretz decided to merge the party with Gesher, a party that did not make it in the Knesset in April which has a strong socioeconomic agenda.
Brief party history:
The party is the main continuation of the Labor Zionist movement of David Ben Gurion, which underwent various incarnations as Mapai, the Alignment and now the Israeli Labor Party. The Labor Party’s predecessors were in government from Israel’s independence till 1977 continuously. From its creation until 2001 the party won several elections and produced most of Israel’s prime ministers. Since then the party has not won an election, though it has been a part of four coalitions. It has frequently replaced its leader: since 2001, once every two years on average.
In the last election (2015), Labor under Isaac Herzog joined with Tzipi Livni’s Hatnuah party to form the Zionist Union. Together they won 24 seats, becoming the largest party in the opposition. In July 2017 Avi Gabbay was elected as party leader by the party membership. As he was not an MK, he has led from outside the Knesset and appointed Tzipi Livni as Leader of the Opposition. On January 1st, 2019, Gabbay announced that Labor and Hatnuah were splitting, thus ending the Zionist Union alliance.
What do they stand for?
Labor was founded on strong socialist values and defines itself as a social-democratic party. The party is left-wing and believe in a two-state solution as a resolution to the Arab-Israeli conflict. Labor has supported unilateral actions such as the withdrawal from Lebanon and the construction of the separation barrier. The Labor party also support an increase in government transparency and cuts to government funding in activity over the Green Line. Economically, it supports a welfare state and extensive workers’ rights, supports a strong public sector and opposes privatization of public services.
Stav Shafir and Itsik Shmuli – two of the leaders of the 2011 social protest.
Amir Peretz – former Defence Minister