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Likud

Party name Likud

Bloc: Right

 מחל

Leader Benjamin Netanyahu Method of leadership selection: Party primaries
Current MKs 38 Method of List selection: Party primaries (some spots are selected by the party leader)

After the last election Netanyahu was tasked with forming the government, Netanyahu was only able to form a collation with 60 and not 61 MK’s so dispersed the Kenesset causing this round of elections. The party has now merged with Kulanu, a right-wing Socio-economic party which was founded by Moshe Kachlon, a former Likudnik.

Brief party history:

The party was founded in 1973 and was in many ways a continuation of the Revisionist Zionist movement that had been led by Ze’ev Jabotinsky and Menachem Begin. Originally known as the Likud-National Liberal Movement, it started out as a consolidation of right-wing parties that united right before the 8th Knesset election. The Likud included Herut, the Liberal Party, the Free Center, the National List, and the Labor Movement for Greater Israel.

In 1977, the Likud won the election, turning the political power from the left to the right for the first time (this event is known as the “Mahapach”, Upheaval). Likud lost the Knesset election and returned to opposition in 1992. It is the main party of the outgoing government coalition and is also expected to receive the most seats in the coming election according to most polls.

What do they stand for?

The Likud is a secular party on the right of the political spectrum. They believe in social equality, a free market and preserving Jewish culture, but the individual Likud MKs have their own priorities and emphases within this. In government, the Likud has adopted mixed economic policies. The Likud has lowered taxes such as VAT, import tariffs and corporation tax, and dismantled monopolies such as Bezeq. Additionally, they have privatized government-owned businesses such as El-Al and Bank Leumi. Overall, the current stance of the Likud towards the economy is fiscally conservative, though actual members of the Likud have a wide variety of different opinions on the matter.

Led by Netanyahu, markets itself as having a hard-line on security questions. The Likud opposed the Oslo Accords and Gaza disengagement but sometimes expresses support for the peace process. While the party formally opposes the establishment of a Palestinian state, Netanyahu’s position on the matter is unclear.

Knesset activity

The Likud claims the following achievements: The Free Education Law for children 3 and up, extensive reforms in the cellular network industry, free dental treatment for children to the age of 12, tax benefits for working parents, constructions of tens of thousands of housing units that reversed the trend in prices of new apartments in Israel, the creation of 300,000 new jobs since the start of the present government, and more.

The Likud is well known for the efforts of Menachem Begin to reach a peace agreement with Egypt, which resulted in the 1978 Camp David Accords and the 1979 Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty.

Notable party members

The most notable MK is the current prime minister, Binyamin Netanyahu. Menachem Begin, Yitzhak Shamir and Ariel Sharon were all Likud prime ministers (Sharon joined and left the party more than once).

As the ruling party, many of the ministers in the last government were part of the Likud. Moshe Yaalon was Defence Minister until stepping down in 2016. Ayoub Kara was Communications Minister, overseeing a significant liberalization of the television media market. Miri Regev was Minister of Culture and Yariv Levin Minister of Tourism. Danny Danon left the Knesset after being appointed Ambassador to the UN.

As more information about the party is released we will be updating this article.